Games People Play by Eric Berne

Games People Play. Eric Berne


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People tend to live their lives by consistently playing out certain “games” in their interpersonal relationships. They play these games for a variety of reasons: to avoid confronting reality, to conceal ulterior motives, to rationalize their activities,or to avoid actual participation. These games – except when they are destructive – are both desirable and necessary.

Dr Berne offers a thorough and fascinating analysis of thirty six games, which he categorizes under seven headings; life games, which transcend a specific mode of response in a given situation and pervade the player’s every action; martial games, which two people may use in order to sustain a frustrating or unrewarding life ( a favourite martial game id “Frigid Women”, in which one of the two players provoke an argument, leading to anger and alienation of feeling to avoid sex); sexual games in which someone provokes sexual reactions in another person and then, as in the game ‘Rapo”, acts as though he or she were the innocent victim (exhibitionism – “The Stocking Game” is another common sexual game); party games, which by definition are social and move from the perpetual gossip to the chronic complainer; underworld games, such as “Cops and Robbers”, which are most often played for material gains but can also aim at psychological advantages; consulting room games, which can be played by a patient with a doctor in order to avoid getting cured.

In this book Dr Berne is developing and elaborating on a concept which he has already described for the specialist and which he employs in his new, unified system of individual and social psychiatry, in which group therapy is used as the basic method and the analysis of games is a major element in the treatment. He shows the concept can help people achieve a new self awareness and put them on the way to leading more constructive lives.

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Women and Work. Sheila Lewenhak

A study of women's status as workers
A study of women’s status as workers

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Women today are paid less and have lower status at work than men. In spite of legislation and pressure from the women’s movement, equality at work is still a remote possibility for most women – in the the West as much as in the third world.

Sheila Lewenhak’s controversial thesis is that it is only recently that women’s status as workers has declined. Drawing on a wide range of anthropological and historical evidence, she shows that in primitive societies women’s work was crucial to survival. Women controlled many of the key technological processes (Including the skills of early agriculture and pottery) and their position in society reflected their economic importance. With slavery, a slow decline set in, which continued through feudalism and merchant capitalism. Most recently, industrialization has dramatically reduced many women’s status, through education and demand for skilled labour have enabled to rise.

This re-examination of one of the most important aspects of women’s history casts new light on their present economic position as much as on their status in the past.

Sheila Lewenhawk was born in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and was educated at the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she obtained her PH.D. She has lectured, on the history of women, at Durham, London and Strathclyde Universities and has travelled extensively including visits to North, Central and South America, the USSR and Japan.

During the 1960s Dr Lewenhak wrote economic and social history books for children. She is the author of Women and Trade Unions and has had many articles published.

The chapters in this books are as follows:

1. Hunters and Gatherers

2. Early Farmers and Herders

3. Decline of the Motherhood and Women’s Status

4. Slavery and Settled Farming

5. Towns and Specialization

6. Feudalism and Self-Employment

7. Women and Trade

8. Colonies, Population and Professional Work

9. The Industrial Revolution

10. The Spread of the Industrial Revolution Worldwide

11 Women’s Industrial Organization

12 The First World War and the Russian Revolution

13. Women Workers in Industrial Countries between the Wars

14. The Second World War and Post War Labour Shortage

15. Women Workers in Traditional Technologies

16. Women’s Liberation and New Technologies.

The Tassajara Bread Book – Edward Espe Brown

The Tassajara Bread Book by Edward Espe Brown

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“This was the first cookbook I ever bought  for myself, back when it was first published. To this day i consider  The Tassajara Bread Book to have been a major influence not just on my cooking and baking, but on my attitude and philosophy about food in general. Thank you Ed Brown, for this lasting gift.” – MOLLIE KATZEN, author of the Moosewood Cookbook and the Enchanted Broccoli Forest

Good bread needs more than just flour and water, milk, or eggs. It requires nurturing and care.

In this 25th anniversary edition of the international best-seller that started a generation of Americans baking, Ed Brown shows how to make – and enjoy – breads, pastries, muffins and desserts for today’s sophisticated palates. And in a new afterward, he reflects on the widespread influence of the book, and offers five new recipes.

Edward Espe Brown was ordained a Zen priest in 1971. He is past president of and resident teacher at the San Francisco Zen Centre, and helped found and run the enormously successful Greens restaurant in San Francisco. Over the past ten years he has been leading meditation retreats and teaching cooking classes.

Ed Brown is also the author of Tassajara Cooking and the Tassajara Recipe Book: Favourites Of The Guest Season, as well as co-author of the Greens Cookbook.

From Introduction the the First Edition

Breadmaking is basically not a complicated process. Mix some flour with enough water to form a dough, adding a touch of salt perhaps; shape it, bake it, the result is bread in its simplest, most fundamental form: dense, coarse, crusty, robust, spirited, earthy.

Everything else (in a way) is extra: years, to make it lighter; milk, to give a softer crumb; sugar or honey to sweeten it; oil, for moistness;eggs’ for cakiness. The extras make bread palatable, more pleasing, more chewable and sliceable.




Before and After Getting Your Puppy. Dr Ian Dunbar.

Ian Dunbar Guide To Getting A Puppy
Before and After Getting Your Puppy. Dr. Ian Dunbar


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An easy to use guide from the pioneer of positive, preventative puppy training.

“Ian Dunbar’s intellect, experience and common sense combine in Before and After Getting You Puppy to create a landmark book about the selection and training of puppies. It should be required reading for anyone thinking about adopting a puppy” – Dr Nicolas H. Dodman, author of If Only They Could Speak and director of the Animal Behaviour Clinic at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine.

In Before and After Getting Your Puppy, Dr. Ian Dunbar outlines everything you need to know to select the right puppy, as well as all the crucial lessons a puppy must be taught during its impressionable early development. In clear steps, with helpful photos and sidebars, Dr Dunbar presents a structured yet playful plan built around six crucial developmental deadlines.

It Is the positive approach to raising a happy, healthy and well behaved dog.

1. Completing your eduction about puppy education

2. Evaluating your prospective puppy’s socialization and training

3. Errorless housetraining and chew-toy training

4. Socializing with new people

5. Learning reliable bite inhibition

6. Preventing predictable adolescent problems

“A delight to read, Dr Dunbar’s Before and After You Get You Puppy id filled with essential, preventative puppy raising information. If a new puppy owner buys just one book, this should be it” – Amy Tan, dog lover and best selling author of the Joy Luck Club.

The world’s leading authority on puppy training and behaviour. Dr. Ian Dunbar is a veterinarian,  animal behaviorist, and writer. The original creator and champion of off-leash puppy classes, he has led a doggy revolution in fun, reward-based, dog friendly dog training.


The book has generally great reviews at Amazon  – though this positive review does argue that Dr Ian Dunbar is a bit of a drama queen because “…Ian Dunbar sets certain ages/dates that are critical in a dogs life. If they’ve not got it by this age all is lost. Yet at the same time he rescues older dogs. Dune, who is featured in this book, is an older dog in training. There is a little discrepancy here!”


A Short History Of Pembroke College Cambridge.


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The author of this short history had already spent several years preparing material for what would have been a far more comprehensive book, a definitive history of the College. It was only at the repeated requests of friends that he began the writing of this smaller volume. At his death in July 1935 the book was in typescript as far as the end of the eighteenth century, and the first portion of the final chapter had been drafted. Mr S C Roberts, his literary executor, had prepared the book for publication and hd added and introduction and a postscript.


Narses the Eunuch.


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The sixth century in Italy, with its lengthening shadows of the Dark Ages, could still claim enlightened names such as Theodoric the Great, Boethius and, at its end, Pope Gregory the Great. The East Roman Empire at Constantinople, was ruled by Justinian 1, with his consort Theodora, ably served by the minister of justice, Tribonia, and the great general Belisarius who had retaken North Africa from the Vandals and attempted the reconquest of Italy.

On a par with all these, and serving as a link, was a small Armenian who has largely been forgotten by later historians. Narses the Eunuch served as a court official in Constantinople  for most of his life, rising to the position of Grand Chamberlain and trusted confident of the Emperor. His survival for so long in such a hot-bed of intrigue as the Byzantine Court is unusual enough, but in 551AD, when he was well into his seventies, Narses succeeded. The powerful Ostrogoth Kingdom of Italy was destroyed and the Goths were driven from the history books.

Narses then defeated an invasion by the Franks and Alammani. These feats alone should have marked him for greatness but, despite ruling as Regent over the newly unified Italy for a further twelve years, Narses has slipped from his rightful place among the great personalities who stand at this cross-roads in the devleopment of post-Roman Europe

L.H. Fauber was born in Virginia, USA. He is a professional researcher now living in England, and has worked extensively on both sides of the Atlantic. One area has been “Institutionalised Eunuchism’ and this has involved research at the universities of Harvard, Hawaii and McGill. For this particular book Fauber conducted further research at Harvard and the British Library, and undertook ten months ‘fieldwork’ in Italy.


The Biography of George Eliot’s Husband George Henry Lewes



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More than a century after her death George Eliot (the pen name of Mary Ann Evans) vies with Charles Dickens as the most widely read of Victorian novelists. But lurking in the shadows of her reputation is a man, George Henry Lewes, with whom she lived (but never marries) for more than twenty-five years. Now in this first biography of Lewes for more than half a century David Willams suggests that without him George Eliot might never have started writing fiction. It is to George Henry Lewes, therefore that we owe Middlemarch, Silas Marner, The Mill On The Floss, Adam Bede and others.

Who was this literary Svengali? A remarkable man certainly. His biography of Goethe remains the best in English of the great German literary all rounder. He was the first editor of the Fortnightly Review, He was, says Williams, the founding father of all newspaper columnists. He wrote dramatic criticism of such quality that Bernard Shaw remarked that he was the only man worth bothering with between him and Hazlitt. He wrote plays. He wrote novels He wrote lucidly and fluently on philosophy and science. His Biographical History of Philosophy was still being used by students fifty years after his death.

But, for all his worth as a critic and writer, G H Lewes will for ever be linked in people’s minds for his twenty five year relationship with Mary Ann Evans. When they chose to live together she was thirty five, a clever journalist in her own right, unmarried and plain. He was two years older, small and ugly and married with four children, but being cuckholded by an unfaithful wife. He was amusing, he could sparkle. He never lacked self confidence. Although there was a strong physical attraction between the two, the closeness of their relationship, their tender understanding of each other indicates a cerebral attachment that was to last.

To a certain extent their decision to live together openly brought private and later public disapproval. But they survived the rebukes , because George Eliot, the novelist, grew in critical esteem and public success that transcended the gossip. David Williams, however, offers copious evidence of how necessary an encourager, a prop, a reviser, an editor and an inspiration Lewes was to her. He was ((he concludes) a generous man, with wide ranging talents of his own. He was very much an actor too, a stage Fairy Prince, if you like, with a Cinderella he could work wonders with. It’s hard to think of anyone else in English literary history who can lay claim to his special sort of mixed and strange achievement.

David Williams reviews widely in the national press and has contributed much to BBC programmes. Among his earlier book are a biography/literary study of Clough whom he puts among the greatest and most neglected of Victorian poets; a biography of George Meredith who after the death of George Eliot succeeded to the tite of England’s greatest living novelist; a study called Genesis and Exodus of the talented but tragic Benson family though two generations spanning a century between 1840 and 1940; and a study of the eccentric vagabond genius George Borrow in a book published under the title A World of his Own.

(This text is from the dust jacket – I’m not so sure that we owe Middlemarch etc to George Eliot’s husband)


Sea Power Edited by E B Potter

Sea Power

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This new, second edition of Sea Power presents a complete history of the world’s navies from antiquity to the present. From the opening chapter on gallery warfare, through a section on Japanese naval history, to the rise and decline of the British navy and the rise and temporary decline of the American navy, readers will find a broad and colourful tapestry woven by respected naval historians.

The book focuses on the influences of sea power upon history as well as on naval operations – strategy, tactics, and logistics. It gives due consideration to changes in naval weapons and the administrative reforms brought about by them. Sea Power is a lively history in which the personalities that shaped events stand out as sharply as the events themselves.

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Leila Seth. A Woman Lawyer In India. Her Autobiography.

On Balance Leila Seth

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The first woman Chief Justice in India, the first woman Judge of the Delhi High Court, the first women to top the Bar examinations in London, seventy three year old Leila Seth has led a full life. In this autobiography Leila talks about its joyous as well as its difficult moments. Figuring prominently are her early years of homelessness and struggle, her straying into law while in England with her husband Premo, and later practising in Patna, Calcutta and Delhi; and her happy marriage of over fifty years, including the experience of bringing up three remarkable children; writer Vikram, peace activist Shantum and film maker Aradhana.

With candour and wit, she tells of her taking up law studies because this could be conveniently combined with caring for her son and husband; and of the difficulty she faced as a women barrister in Calcutta in trying to find a senior to ‘devil’ with; of her lighter moments as the sole women judge on the otherwise all male bench of the Delhi High Court. Also dwelt upon are her views regarding corruption, discrimination and delay in the legal system; some judgement dealing with education and with inter personal and constitutional law; and her experience as a member of the 15th Law Commission.

Intertwining family life with professional, Leila movingly describes the years after her father’s premature death when as children they were obliged to live with friends. There are also delightful vignettes: Premo and her turning an old mansion into a splendid home in Patna, Vikram’s writing of the novel A Suitable Boy, Shantum’s ordination as a Buddhist teacher by Tich Nhat Hanh and Aradhnana’s marriage to Peter, and Austrian diplomat and work as an art director on films like Earth and Water.

Intimate, intricate, charming and often amusing, On Balance presents a rich and heart-warming portrait of an exceptional woman, her family and her times.

Leila Seth retired as Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh in 1992, was appointed in 1995 as the one member commission to examine the death in custody of Rajan Pillai, and from 1997 to 2000 was a member of the 15th Law Commission of India. She does arbitration work and is involved in human rights activities. She lives in Noida with her husband Premo, son Shantum, daughter-in -law Gitanjali and granddaughter Nandinin.


The Politics Of Aristotle. Sir Ernest Barker.

Politics Aristotle

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This is a shortened edition of Sir Ernest Barker’s translation of the The Politics of Aristotle (published in 1946) of which The Times Literary Supplement said: “Sir Ernest Barker has for the first time put it in the power of an intelligent man who knows no Greek to gain a true understanding of one of the great masterpieces of political thought…the whole book is a model of its kind”.

Though this is a shortened edition (most of the notes remain; and two new items have been added – a chronological table of the main events mentioned in or bearing on the Politics, and a glossary (which runs to some length) of the philosophical and historical terms used or implied in the text.