British and American Antislavery Copperation

This book is titled Men and Brothers; Anglo American Antislavery Cooperation. It is by Betty Fladeland. It was published in 1972 by the University of Illinois Press.

Men and Brothers. Betty Freedland

 

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From the Preface:

“Much has been written on both the British and American antislavery movements, but hitherto they have been treated as separate developments. It is the thesis of this book that the struggle in Great Britain and the United States against slavery and the slave trade were so closely connected that they deserve to be studied together”

 

From the back cover

“The United States and Great Britain share a common past in bringing slaves to America and trading slave-grown products. They also worked together to end slavery, although the historical literature up to now has treated the British and American antislavery movements separately. This book traces for the first time the coordination of activities and strategies of abolitionists in Great Britain and the United States from the colonial period through the Civil War and shows that, by the 1830’s, the two movements “were so intertwined they can scarcely be untangled”.

While concerned with what the abolitionists were thinking, Fladeland focuses primarily on what they were doing. Cooperative efforts of churches, religious societies, and outstanding individuals are discussed as well as the efforts of the organised antislavery societies, their exchanges of publications and lectures, and their common problems. Efforts against the slave trade, projects for colonisation of free blacks, and work against slavery in the West Indies and the United Staes are all covered in depth.

By placing the American antislavery movement in a transatlantic setting. Fladeland shows that is was much more than a radical protest movement of a few fanatic and visionaries. It was of some significance in the onset of Civil War because it helped to intensify sectional antagonisms. It has some bearing on the course the British government took during the war and had a great effect on the policies of President Lincoln and the Republican party on the question of slavery”.

BETTY FLADELAND is professor of history at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. She earlier wrote James Gillespie  Birney: Slaveholder to Abolitionist. (1955)

 

Coming Out by Jeffrey Weeks. Homosexual Politics – A History

This book is a study of homosexual politics in Britain from the C19th to the 1970s. It was written by the historian, sociologist and gay activist Jeffrey Weeks.

Coming Out By Jeffrey Weeks

From the back cover of the book

“Coming Out records the growth of homosexual law reform from the development of harsh legal and social oppression in the late 19th century to the tremendous impact of the gay liberation movement today”

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The Chapters in the 1983 edition are as follows.

Part One: Definitions and Self Definitions

1. From Sin to Crime

2. The Medical Model

3.  A Way of Life

Part Two: Pioneers

4. Speaking Out: John Addington Symonds

5. Havelock Ellis and Sexual Inversion

6 Edward Carpenter and Friends

Part Three: Invisible Women

7. Lesbianism and the Position Of Women

8. Lesbianism and the Women’s Movement

9. Emerging Identities

Part Four: Approaches to Reform

10. Creating a Consciousness

11. Reform Societies

12. Homosexuality and the Left

13. Norman Haire and Sex Education

14. Prelude to Reform

15. Law Reform

Part Five: The Gay Liberation Movement

16. The Gay Liberation Front

17. A Gay Community

18. Old Ways, New Departures.

From the Introduction

“This book is intended as an exploration of a particular homosexual experience – that of reform groupings – but in pursuing this I hope to be able to offer some more general comments about the nature of the changing homosexual situation in Britain over the past 100 years:

Quotes from the back cover of the book

“This important book has a part to play in the revolutionary struggle by recognizing an oppressed minority and allying that fight against this oppression within the broader struggle against sexism” – Emmanuel Cooper. Morning Star.

“Jeffrey Weeks’s through, entertaining, and generally well written books surveys changing attitudes, and movements attempting to change them, over a century – Keith Walker New Society”

 

 

 

 

Writing By Candlelight. E.P. Thomson

canfleightThe essays in this book were, with one exception, written between 1979 and 1980. They concern such matters as the miners’ strike of 1972; Sir Harold Wilson’s apologetics and the referendum about “going into Europe”; the ABC Official Secrets Trial of 1978 and the current attack on the jury system. The last two essays restate the case for policies of active neutrality. The essays vary in style and give scope for the author’s talent for satire and polemic as well as for measured political analysis. All are concerned with the means employed today to manufacture what is then offered as a consensus of “public opinion”. They are also concerned with the increasingly authoritarian measures and ideology of the British state. As Thompson writes: “For two decades the state, whether under Conservative or Labour administrations, has been taking liberties, and these liberties were ours”.

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Ideology and the Labour Movement. Ed.David E Martin and David Rubinstein

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The editors of this festschrift have taken one of John Savile’s major interests – the history of the British labour movement – as their theme. In particular they have concentrated on the role of ideology within that movement in the period between 1800 and 1950. As they note in the introduction, by ideology they understand a scheme of ideas which support a particular political or economic theory or system.

One of the concerns of the authors is to show that an ideology in such terms has never won the adherence of the working class as a whole, and the reasons and results of this lack of ideology are explored in a variety of ways. The powerful labour and socialist movement which became established in Britain is also examined, as are its relations with the different ideologies of particular groups within the movement.

The essays are as follows:

Labour and the Literate in Nineteenth Century Britain – Victor Kiernan

The Language of the “Mass” and “Masses” in Nineteenth Century England – Asa Briggs

Conservatism, Traditionalism and the British Working Class 1880 -1918 – Alan J Lee

Working Class Women and Matrimonial Law Reform 1890 – 1914 – Iris Minor

“The Instruments of the People”?:The Parliamentary Labour Party in 1906 – David E. Martin

The Ladder of Becoming: A.R. Orage, A J Penty and the Origins of Guild Socialism in England – Frank Matthews

The Nationalisation of the Banks: The Chequered History Of A Socialist Proposal – Sidney Pollard

The Labour Movement Between The Wars – Margaret Cole

Socialism and the Labour Party: The Labour Left and Domestic Policy 1945 – 1950

 

Labour’s Turning Point 1880 -1900. Eric Hobsbawm

Labour's Turning Point. Eric Hobsbawn

 

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Eric Hobsbawn has created here what every student and teacher of late – Victorian history wants; a concise, brilliantly organised, deftly introduced collection of contemporary documents from the period in which the modern labour movement took shape. Few of these documents are readily to be found elsewhere. In 142 extracts from contemporary sources Professor Hobsbawn has taken the story from the end-date of Cole and Filson’s ‘British Working Class Movements, Select Documents 1789-1875′ through to the foundation of the Labour Representation Committee which became the Labour Party in 1906. Material commonly available in libraries has been generally avoided, with selections made from pamphlets, newspapers and periodicals, official and unofficial surveys and the mass of biographical literature. This was Professor Hobsbawm’s first book, originally appearing in 1948 and in demand ever since. For this new edition he has written a new preface to supplement his earlier editorial material which is marked by the imaginative skills and literary power well known in “Industry and Empire, Labouring Men and Bandits”.

Labour's Turning Point 1880 - 1900

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Neues Lexikon des Judentums by Julius H. Schoeps (Editor)

Neues Lexikon Des Judentums

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Unsere Vorstellung von der Wirklichkeit jüdischen Lebens ist von Bildern des Leidens und der Zerstörung bestimmt. Aufgabe und Ziel des “Neuen Lexikons des Judentums” ist es daher, die Vielfalt und den Reichtum einer mehr als dreitausendjährigen Kulturgeschichte vor Augen zu führen. Über 100 Wissenschaftler aus 14 Ländern- unter ihnen namhafte Historiker, Religions-, Kultur- und Literaturwissenschaftler, Soziologen und Politologen-bieten darin fundierte Informationen über zentrale Aspekte der jüdischen Geschichte: die Religion und die Kultur des Judentums; jüdisches Leben in der Antike und im Mittelalter; die Geschichte des deutschen Judentums; die Geschichte der Juden in den anderen Ländern; den Neu-beginn jüdischen Lebens nach dem Holocaust; die Entstehung und Entwicklung des Staates Israel. In 31 Essays sind Themenkomplexe dargestellt, die sowohl für die Geschichte des Judentums von herausragender Bedeutung sind als auch die Beziehungen zur nichtjüdischen Umwelt einschließen, so etwa “Jüdische Philosophie”, “Jüdisches Lernen”, “Reformjudentum”, “Zionismus”, “Synagogen bau”, “Kirche und Judentum”, “Judengesetzgebung”, “Emanzipation und Assimilation”, “Antisemitismus”, die “Geschichte des deutsch-jüdischen Verhältnisses, “Holocaust und Vergangenheitsbewältigung”. Im Mittelpunkt steht die tragische Geschichte des deutsch-jüdischen Beziehungsgeflechts, eine Geschichte, die mit dem Holocaust nicht beendet ist, sondern bis in die Gegenwart reicht. Nicht Vollständigkeit im enzyklopädischen Sinne sollte und konnte das Ziel sein, sondern es galt, die Fülle und Vielfalt der jüdischen Geschichte an exemplarischen Ereignissen und Gegebenheiten darzustellen und dem Benutzer des Lexikons nahezubringen. Exemplarisch sind auch die 20 illustrierten Schwerpunktthemen.

Understanding Power: The Indispensable Noam Chomsky

Understanding Power. Noam Chomsky.“Noam Chomsky is universally accepted as one of the pre-eminent public intellectuals of the modern era. Over the last thirty years, broadly diverse audiences have gathered to attend his sell-out lectures. Now in Understanding Power, Peter R Mitchell and john Schoeffel have assembled the best of Chomsky’s talks on the past, present and furure of the politics of power.

In a series of enlightening and wide-reasoning discussions-published here for the first time-Chomsky radically reinterprets the events of the past three decades, covering topics from foreign policy during the Vietnam War to the decline of welfare under the Clinton administration. And as he elucidates the connection between America’s imperialistic foreign policy and social inequalities  at home. Chomsky also discerns the necessary steps to take forward social change. With an eye to political activism and the media’s role in popular struggle, as well as foreign and domestic policy, Understanding Power is definitive Chomsky” (From the cover)

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The Chapter subjects are:

Chapter 1: Weekend Teach-In: Opening Session

The Achievements Of Domestic Dissidence. The U.S. Network of Terrorist Mercenary States. Overthrowing Third World Governments. Government Secrecy. The Media: An Institutional Analysis. Testing the “Propaganda Model”. The Media and Elite Opinion. Filters on Reporting.Honest Subordination. “Fight It Better”: The Media and the Vietnam War.

Chapter 2: Teach-In: Over Coffee

“Containing” the Soviet Union in  the Cold War. Orwell’s World and Ours. Contemporary Poverty. Religious Fanaticism.  “The Real Anti-Semitism”. Ronald Reagan and the Future of Democracy. Two New Factors in World Factors. Democracy Under Capitalism. The Empire. Change and the Future.

Chapter 3: Teach In: Evening

The Military-IndustrialComplex. The Permanent War Economy. Libyan and American Terrorism. The U.S. and the U.N.. Business, Apartheid and Racism. Winning the Vietnam War. “Genocide”: the United States and Pol Pot. Heroes and Anti-Heroes. “Anti-Intellectualism”. Spectator Sports. Western European Activism and Canada. Dispelling Illusions.

Chapter 4: Colloquy

The Totalitarian Strain. A Lithuania Hypothetical. Perpetuating Brainwashing Under Freedom. Journalism LeMoyne-Style: A Sample Of The Cynical Aspect. Rethinking Watergate. Escaping Indoctrination. Understanding The Middle East Conflict. The Threat Of Peace. Water and the Occupied Territories. Imperial Ambitions and the Arab Threat. Prospects for the Palestinians. Legitimacy in History. Qualifications to Speak on World Affairs; A Presidential Campaign.

Chapter 5: Ruling The World

Soviet Versus Western Economic Development. Supporting Terror. “People’s Democratic Socialist Republics”. The Organ Trade.  The Real Crime of Russia. Panama and Popular Invasions. Muslims and U.S. Foreign Policy. Haiti: Disturbance atan Expert Platform. Texaco and the Spanish Revolution. Averting Democracy in Italy. P.R. in Somalia. The Gulf War. Bosnia: Intervening Questions. Toying with India. The Oslo Agreement and Imperialist Revival.

Chapter 6. Discussion  Circle.

The Early Peace Movement and a Change in the 1970s. The Nuclear Freeze Movement. Awareness and Actions. Leaders and Movements. Levels of Change. Non-Violence. Transcending Capitalism. The Kibbutz Experiment. “Anarchism” and “Libertarianism”. Articulating Visions. “Want” Creation. Dissidents: Ignored of Vilified. Teaching About Resistance. Isolation. Science and Human Nature. Charlatans in the Sciences. Adam Smith: Real and Fake. The Computer and the Crowbar.

Chapter 7. Intellectuals and Social Change

The Leninist/Capitalist Intelligentsia. Marxist  “Theory” and Intellectual Fakery. Ideological Control In The Sciences and Humanities. The Functions of the Schools. Subtler Methods of Control. Cruder Methods of Control. The Fate of an Honest Intellectual. Forging Working Class Culture. The Fraud of Modern Economics. The Real Market. Automation. A Revolutionary Change in Modern Values.

Chapter 8. Popular Struggle

Discovering New Forms of Oppression. Freedom of Speech. Negative and Positive Freedom. Cyberspace and Activism. “Free-Trade” Agreements. Defense Department Funding and “Clean Money” The Favoured State and Enemy States. Canada’s Media. Should Quebec Separate From Canada? Deciphering “China”. Indonesia’s Killing Fields: U.S.-Backed Genocide in East Timor. Mass Murderers at Harvard. Changes in Indonesia. Nuclear Proliferation and North Korea. The Samson Option. The Lot of the Palestinians/ P’L’O. Ambition. The Nation-State System.

Chapter 9. Movement Organizing

The Movie Manufacturing Consent. Media Activism. Self Destruction of the U.S. Left. Popular Education. Third Party Politics. Boycotts. “A Praxis”. The War on Unions. Inner City Schools. Defending the Welfare State. Pensions Funds and the Law. Conspiracy Theories. The Decision to Get Involved. “Human Nature Is Corrupt”. Discovering Morality. Abortion. Moral Values.

Chapter 10. Turning Point.

Bringing the Third World Home. Welfare: the pea and the Mountain. Crime Control and “Superfluous” People. Violence and Repression. International Capital: The New Imperial Age. The Fairy Tale Economy. Building International Unions. Initial Moves and the Coming Crisis. Elite Planning – Slipping out Of Hand. Disturbed Populations Stirring. The Verge of Fascism. The Furure of History.